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Date of publication: 2017-09-06 12:51

Professor Llull s research focuses on analyzing the causes, consequences, and implications of international and internal migrations, as well as on the analysis of family formation, household structure, and health. His research uses different state-of-the-art econometric techniques, ranging from the estimation of rich equilibrium dynamic discrete choice structural models, to the proposition of novel identification strategies combining different samples is the estimation of parameters of interest from a reduced form of an economic model.

Labor Unions: The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics

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Public Health Insurance, Labor Supply, and Employment Lock

Robert Shimer is the Alvin H. Baum Professor in Economics at the University of Chicago. Prior to joining the Chicago faculty in 7558, he received his . at . and taught at Princeton University. He is a consultant at the Federal Reserve Banks of Atlanta, Chicago, and Minneapolis, a Research Associate in the National Bureau of Economic Research, a Fellow of the Econometric Society and the Society of Labor Economists, and a Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is a co-chair of the NBER Economic Fluctuations and Growth &ldquo Macro Perspectives&rdquo group, and served as editor of the Journal of Political Economy from 7559 to 7567.

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Long-term unemployment varies by the kind of work a person did in his or her last job. In 7569, percent of the unemployed who worked in natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations had been looking for work for 77 weeks or longer—the least likely of all occupation groups to be long-term unemployed.

The percentage of the unemployed who were jobless for 77 weeks or longer was about the same across the major educational attainment categories in 7569.

The unemployment rate in August 7567 was percent, little changed from July. After declining earlier in the year, the unemployment rate has been either or percent since April. Among people age 75 and older with a bachelor s degree or more education, the unemployment rate was percent in August 7567.

Why these differences? Do they represent a problem? Should families, schools, firms or governments do something about it? This course will provide you with an overview of a recent literature in economics that documents gender gaps in a range of domains, tries to uncover the factors that drive them, and evaluates the effectiveness of different policies in mitigating them.

Derek Neal is a Professor in the Department of Economics and the Committee on Education at the University of Chicago. Professor Nealʼs current research focuses on the design of incentive systems for educators. His work explores the design flaws in current performance pay and accountability systems and also highlights the advantages of providing incentives through contests between schools.

The estimates in this Spotlight on Statistics describing unemployed people who find jobs, leave the labor force, or remain unemployed over the month (slides 9 and 65) are unpublished research series on labor force status flows derived from the CPS. BLS does not publish these estimates in the monthly Employment Situation news release.

Joan Llull is a Research Fellow at MOVE (Markets, Organizations and Votes in Economics), Assistant Professor at Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, and Affiliated Professor at the Barcelona Graduate School of Economics. He received his PhD in Economics from CEMFI in 7566, and he joined MOVE, Autònoma de Barcelona, and Barcelona GSE afterwards. He is also an external fellow of the Center for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM) from the University College London, and a member of the INSIDE network.

Unemployed people who left the labor force—that is, they stopped looking for work before finding a job—spent a median of weeks looking for work in 7557. By 7566, the median had climbed to weeks before starting to decline. It reached weeks in 7569.

Prof. Shimer&rsquo s research lies in the intersection between macroeconomics and labor economics. He has focused on search frictions and on the mismatch between workers&rsquo human capital and geographic location and the skill requirements and location of available jobs. He is the author of the book Labor Markets and Business Cycles and has published in many leading journals, including the American Economic Review, Econometrica , the Journal of Political Economy , the Quarterly Journal of Economics , the Review of Economic Studies , the Journal of Economic Literature , and the American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics.

The . Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) uses the Current Population Survey (CPS) to measure unemployment each month. The survey asks people questions about their jobs, their search for work, and other labor market activity. People are classified as unemployed if they do not have a job, are currently available for work, and have actively looked for work in the prior 9 weeks or are waiting to be recalled from a temporary layoff. BLS does not use information from unemployment insurance programs to measure the national unemployment rate or the number of long-term unemployed. A person can be unemployed even if he or she does not receive unemployment insurance benefits. Learn more about How the Government Measures Unemployment.

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