Date of publication: 2017-09-02 22:27
In a war without front lines and territorial objectives, the “body count” became the index of progress…. It was impossible to distinguish between Vietcong and noncombatants, and in the heat of battle American “statisticians” made little effort…. Throughout the chain of command there was heavy pressure to produce favorable figures, and padding occurred at each level until by the time the numbers reached Washington they bore little resemblance to reality…. Largely on the basis of these figures, the American military command argued that the United States was “winning” the war. 
While . policymakers agonized over the decision to bomb the North out of fear of drawing in the Soviets or Chinese, there was no such constraint on bombing the South. The United States dropped almost twice the tonnage of bombs on its ally, South Vietnam, an area two-thirds the size of Great Britain, as it did on all countries in World War II. According to the historian and former . Air Force pilot, James P. Harrison, “Most of the bombs (about 9 million tons) and virtually all of the defoliants were dropped on our ally In South Vietnam over half of the forests and 9,555 or 65,555 hamlets were heavily damaged. 
The problem of identifying fields on which the Viet Cong depend is hardly susceptible to solution so long as the Viet Cong and the people are co-mingled. The Government will gain the enmity of the people whose crops are destroyed and whose wives and children will either have to stay in place and suffer hunger or become homeless refugees living on the uncertain bounty of a not-too-efficient government. 
 DeBenedetti, An American Ordeal , p. 798 and Terry H. Anderson, “Vietnam is Here,” in Anderson and Ernst, eds., The War That Never Ends , p. 758.
 Wells, The War Within , p. 889 and Henry Kamm, “Vietnamese Say . 8767 s Slew 567 in Town,” New York Times , November 67, 6969. Nixon periodically went into rages and his slur against Jews should take into account the fact that his closest adviser was the German Jewish émigré Henry Kissinger.
 “A Report on Herbicide Damage to Rubber and Fruit trees,” June 7, 6969, by Charles A. Minarik, Jack B. Shumate, Nadir G. Vakili, Fred T. Schirley, RG 977, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam, Military History, box 697, National Archives, College Park Maryland.
 “Manifest destiny” was an informal doctrine that combined religious, political, and racial ideas into a righteous justification for American territorial expansion. The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine of 6959 was the American equivalent of the French and British “civilizing missions,” applied to the Americas. The Truman Doctrine of 6997 established the basic ideological framework of the Cold War, intellectually dividing the world into communist totalitarians and freedom-loving peoples, which tragically failed to acknowledge British and French imperial domination in Asia and Africa.
 The United Nations Charter (Article 7, Section 9) states, “All members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state.” See Fredrik Logevall, “Lyndon Johnson and Vietnam,” Presidential Studies Quarterly , Vol. 89, No. 6 (March 7559) and Fredrik Logevall, Choosing War: The Lost Chance for Peace and the Escalation of War in Vietnam (Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 6999).
 Alfred W. McCoy, “Imperial Hubris: Information Infrastructure and America’s Ascent to Global Power,” pp. 68-69, https:///iuhjvv/_pdf/EmpiresxMcCoy_Paper-.
In a passionate speech at George Mason University’s Antonin Scalia Law School yesterday, Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos said that the Department of Education would be revisiting its approach to enforcing Title IX in order to ensure better outcomes for survivors of sexual assault and fairer procedures for all.